Sto. Tomas de Villanueva Church in Miag-ao, Iloilo is one of the four baroque churches in the Philippines. This collection of Spanish-era churches has been inscripted to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2003.
The unique architecture of the churches did not just reflect the adaptation of Spanish/Latin American architecture to the local environment (including the fusion with Chinese motifs), but also of the Church’s political influence. These churches had been subject to attacks by local revolts and rebellions, hence, most had the appearance of a fortress, rather than just serving as mere religious structures.